Are you thinking of getting a saltwater marine aquarium? Watch this video to learn helpful tips for how to setup and take care of your aquarium.
[MUSIC PLAYING] Maintaining a colorful saltwater or marine aquarium is a worthwhile investment. These tips will help you to create a healthy marine environment that will provide many years of enjoyment. The larger the aquarium, the better for your aquatic life. We recommend starting with a minimum of a 29-gallon tank. A tank with substrate and water weighs approximately 10 pounds per gallon. So a 29-gallon aquarium will weigh at least 290 pounds. Before installing a tank, especially in an apartment or on a second story, make sure your floors have beams that will support the weight. Select a sturdy tank stand and a location with a stable floor and an outlet nearby. Unbalanced aquariums can crack and leak. Keep the aquarium out of direct sunlight and away from exterior doors, heat vents, or air conditioners. Allow at least five inches between the wall and the aquarium to accommodate the filter and/or protein skimmer if you do not choose one that can fit under your aquarium stand. Purchase a heater that is a minimum of three to five watts per gallon, and install it near the filter input. Fish can stress due to rapid temperature changes. The ideal temperature for marine aquatic life is between 72 and 82 degrees, depending on what aquatic life resides in your aquarium. Consider adding two to three inches of live sand with microorganisms to seed the biological filter and aid in cycling the aquarium. Fill the tank approximately one third full and check for leaks. If leak-free, finish filling the aquarium. A water conditioner is recommended to extract heavy metals and/or chlorine and chloramine from your water supply. Add commercial marine salt, a small amount at a time, in a high flow area until you reach a specific gravity reading of between 1.017 and 1.026 with your hydrometer. This number depends on what type of marine environment you're creating. For fish only, between 1.017 and 1.021 is ideal. For reef tanks, a level of between 1.023 and 1.026 is best. Note that it may take time for salt to fully dissolve. Wait 24 to 48 hours for water temperature and specific gravity levels to stabilize and allow for any cloudiness to clear. Set up a system to illuminate your aquarium for 8 to 10 hours daily. There are different spectrums depending on the aquatic life you intend to house. Later, you can prevent algae bloom with a clean up crew consisting of snails and hermit crabs. Add decor such as live rock to provide caves as hiding places and also to sustain a healthy aquatic environment. Add approximately one and a half pounds of cured live rock per gallon of water. After your live rock has finished cycling your tank for four to five weeks, you can begin to slowly add your fish. Stock no more than one inch of fully grown fish per three gallons of tank water. Stock your aquarium slowly to allow the biological filtration to adjust to its inhabitants. Add the most docile marine species first. Check compatibility recommendations before adding larger species. Learn more about proper aquatic life care and maintenance to help you prolong the health and longevity of your aquatic life. Becoming an aquarist or marine hobbyist takes time and skill, but it can be a truly rewarding experience.