Having a colorful freshwater aquarium is a fun and affordable hobby that can add beauty to your home.
Having a colorful Freshwater aquarium is a fun and affordable hobby that can add beauty to your home. Our tips will help you create a healthy aquatic environment. The larger the aquarium, the better. A properly sized stand and adequate floor space is needed to support the weight of your tank. Before installing a tank, especially in an apartment or a second story room, make sure your floors have beams that will support the weight. A tank with a substrate and water weighs a minimum of 10 pounds per gallon. That means a 50 gallon tank will weigh at least 500 pounds. Select a sturdy tank stand that can't be knocked over. Choose a location against the wall with a sturdy, stable floor and an outlet nearby. Keep the aquarium out of direct sunlight to avoid algae problems. Allow at least 5 inches between the wall and the aquarium to accommodate the filter. Purchase a heater that is minimum 3 to 5 watts per gallon. Follow manufacturer's directions for setup. Install the heater near the filter input. The tank thermometer should be easy to check. Fish can stress due to rapid temperature changes. The ideal temperature for tropical fish is 72 to 82 degrees, while goldfish are comfortable at between 65 and 75 degrees. Special lighting might be needed for the tank, depending on inhabitants and whether or not the tank contains live plants. Fill the tank approximately one third full. Wait for a few minutes, then check for leaks. If leak free, finish filling the aquarium. A water conditioner is recommended to extract heavy metals and or chlorine and chloramine from your water supply. Decorations give fish structure and provide hiding places. Leave plenty of swimming room for fish. Add substrate to the tank bottom as a plant holder and for aesthetic appeal. Use one pound of gravel per gallon of water. Rinse all plants and decorations with water before putting them in the aquarium. If you want bubbles, hook up an air pump to an airstone or action ornament. Wait 24 to 48 hours for the cloudiness to clear before beginning the nitrogen cycling process and adding your fish. Initially, only a few hardy fish should be added to your tank. Some recommended Freshwater inhabitants for newly established aquariums include bottom dwellers and peaceful fish, such as tetras and cory catfish. Monitor your tank and your aquatic life regularly for anything unusual. If you have any questions, ask an aquatics expert.