When it comes to choosing a litter box it's important to take your cat's needs into consideration.
The key to successful litter box training is to make sure your cat finds his potty area appealing so he'll use it. It's very important you set up the litter box with your cat's preferences in mind, not just your own. Litter boxes fall into two major categories, open pan and covered. Let's take a look at each. Open pans are preferred by many cats, since they don't trap odors inside, and they allow your cat to escape if confronted by another pet. They're also inexpensive and make it easy to know when cleaning and scooping are necessary. The other type of litter box is covered. These enclosed boxes conceal the litter and help contain odor inside. While this may sound appealing to you, cats are sensitive to smell and may not prefer this type of box. One benefit of covered litter boxes is they provide your cat with privacy, which some cats prefer. Choosing the right type of litter is very important to your cat. There are two things I would recommend you look for when making your decision. First, start with a clumping, scoopable litter. These are the most popular, reduce odors, and make it easy to keep your cats box clean. Second, many brands offer different types of deodorizers or senses-- some stronger than others. While cats prefer unscented litter, pet parents often choose the types with fragrance. So it's important to find a balance that works for both of you. Again, if your cat doesn't like the litter you've chosen, he may not use his box. Here are some signs your cat may be unhappy with your choice of litter. He may scratch outside of the box after pottying. He may completely stand on the edge of the box or only put two paws in. Or he may go to the bathroom right next to the box. If your cat displays any of these behaviors, try another type of litter. The next step is finding a location that works for both you and your cat. You'll want to select an area that's easily accessible, yet provides plenty of privacy. And don't put the litter box next to an appliance. Appliances like washing machines and refrigerators that start and stop abruptly may startle your cat. Also keep the litter box away from your cats food, water bowls, and bed. Ideally, if you have multiple cats, you should have one box per cat, plus one extra. But don't line them up next to each other, because your cats will perceive them as a single litter box. A dirty litter box can keep your cat from using his tray. Make sure to scoop at least once a day. If you use standard clay litter, thoroughly clean the box with soap and hot water at least once a week. You can do so less frequently if you use a clumping litter. As we mentioned before, cats have a keen sense of smell. So avoid strong cleaners. Also, be aware of any cleaning products that contain ingredients that are toxic to cats. Finally, litter boxes will eventually retain an odor even with regular cleaning. So change them out from time to time.